Round cairn on Birkrigg Common, 520m north west of High Sunbrick Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2019 at 07:25:48.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- South Lakeland (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SD 28346 74323
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Despite limited unrecorded investigation at the centre of the monument, the round cairn 520m north west of High Sunbrick Farm survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.
The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit plateau of the
highest point on Birkrigg Common lying 350m west of Appleby Slack. It includes
a turf covered slightly oval-shaped mound of limestone rubble measuring 11.5m
east-west by 11m north-south and up to 0.8m high. A small outcrop of limestone
bedrock has been used to form a kerb around the north eastern side of the
cairn. At the centre of the mound there is an irregular-shaped small hollow
indicating the position of an unrecorded investigation of the monument.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Gelderd, C, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Some Birkrigg Barrows, , Vol. XIV, (1914), 466-79
Cumbria SMR, Birkrigg, (1986)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing