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Round cairn, 800m north east of Lowshield Green

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn, 800m north east of Lowshield Green

List entry Number: 1014051

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Birtley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Jul-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25168

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some damage from antiquarian excavation, the cairn 800m north east of Lowshield Green retains significant archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of its use will be preserved within and beneath the mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a high north east-south west ridge with an open aspect to the west. The cairn is visible as the disturbed remains of a stone and earth mound measuring 13m in diameter and standing to a maximum height of 1.5m. Several hollows in the surface of the cairn represent the remains of 19th century part excavations. The cairn is thought to have been investigated in 1884 by G R Hall, the vicar of Birtley when it was known as Dan's Cairn. The cairn is situated in an area which was occupied intensively during the medieval period and the agricultural and settlement remains also visible are considered to belong to this period and are not contemporary with the cairn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Rome Hall, G, 'Archaeologia Aeliana 2 ser 7' in Archaeologia Aeliana 2 ser 7, (1876)
Other
NY 88 SE 04,

National Grid Reference: NY 89445 80662

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014051 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 12:38:09.

End of official listing