Wayside cross in St Juliot's churchyard, 10m south of the church


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014212

Date first listed: 22-Aug-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jan-1996


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross in St Juliot's churchyard, 10m south of the church
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Juliot

National Grid Reference: SX 12900 91202


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross has survived well, and is a good and complete example of a wheel-headed cross. It acted as a way marker on a footpath from St Juliot to Boscastle, and on a more local level as a waymarker on a route within the parish to the church. There is no record of it having been moved and it is believed to be in its original position, maintaining its original function on its original route. This is one of three crosses now present in St Juliot's churchyard.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a medieval wayside cross situated to the south of the church in St Juliot's churchyard on the north coast of Cornwall. The wayside cross survives as an upright granite shaft with a round, `wheel' head set in a rectangular base. The overall height of the monument is 1.97m. The principal faces are orientated north-south. The head measures 0.49m high by 0.51m wide and is 0.2m thick. Both principal faces bear a relief equal limbed cross formed by four triangles whose points do not quite meet at the centre of the head, their outer edges curving in line with the narrow bead, 0.03m wide, around the outer edge of the head. The shaft measures 1.33m high by 0.4m wide and is 0.2m thick. At the neck are two rectangular projections, one on either side of the shaft; they are 0.11m high and project out 0.08m beyond the shaft top. The rectangular granite base measures 0.97m east-west by 0.73m north-south and is 0.15m high. The wayside cross is located to the south of the church. It is believed to be in its original position, and it has been suggested that it is the original churchyard cross. It is positioned next to a stile, which is the southern entrance into the churchyard, marking a footpath from St Juliot's Church through the Valency valley to Boscastle. The two chest tomb graves to the north of the cross base but within its protective margin are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28451

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Langdon, A G, Stone Crosses of North Cornwall, (1992)
Consulted 1995, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 653.2,
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SX 08/18: Pathfinder Series 1325 Source Date: 1986 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing