Trout Hill 3: a stone setting on the north east end of Trout Hill 850m SSW of the foot bridge over Badgeworthy Water

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1014266
Date first listed:
27-Mar-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Trout Hill 3: a stone setting on the north east end of Trout Hill 850m SSW of the foot bridge over Badgeworthy Water
© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2020. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Somerset
District:
West Somerset (District Authority)
Parish:
Exmoor
National Park:
EXMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SS 79412 42885

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time. Stone settings consist of a group of standing stones set out in an irregular or random pattern. There are a number of such sites on Exmoor where they appear to be a regional variation of the more common stone alignments. Stone settings are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone settings were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type all surviving examples are considered to be of national importance.

The Trout Hill 3 stone setting survives well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and use. Its importance is increased by being part of a linear group of three other similar sites that extend for 600m.

Details

The monument includes two standing and two recumbent stones on the east flank of the north east end of Trout Hill 850m SSW of the footbridge over Badgeworthy Water. The stone setting occupies a trapezoidal area which extends for 0.02ha. The standing stones mark the northern and the southern limits of the site, the recumbent ones the north eastern and south eastern limits. The northern standing stone is the tallest and is 300mm high, 250mm wide and 50mm thick. The stone at the southern end is only a few millimetres high, 120mm wide and 50mm thick. An erosion hollow 100mm deep surrounds it. The north eastern recumbent stone is 850mm long, 200mm wide and 70mm thick and lies within an erosion hollow. The south eastern recumbent stone is 550mm long, 250mm wide and 140mm thick and is earthfast at one end.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
25223
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 45

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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