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Lanacombe 2: a stone setting and cairn on the east side of Lanacombe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lanacombe 2: a stone setting and cairn on the east side of Lanacombe

List entry Number: 1014274

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Exmoor

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Mar-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25202

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time. Stone settings consist of a group of standing stones set out in an irregular or random pattern. There are a number of such sites on Exmoor where they appear to be a regional variation of the more common stone alignments. Stone settings are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone settings were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type all surviving examples are considered to be of national importance.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Lanacombe 2: a stone setting and cairn on the east side of Lanacombe survives well with little evidence of disturbance and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the development and use of the monument. Its importance is enhanced by being part of a linear group of five similar sites.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four standing stones, a recumbent stone, a cairn and the archaeologically sensitive area around and between the features. The site is located on the south east facing slope of Lanacombe. The stones are set out with the cairn defining an irregular triangular area which extends over 0.13ha. The standing stones are between 300mm and 450mm high, 200mm to 530mm wide and 100mm to 150mm thick. Three of the stones have erosion hollows around them that are up to 350mm deep. A further erosion hollow may mark the position of a former standing stone and is 2m across and 200mm deep. The cairn, on the north west margin of the site, is 3m in diameter and 300mm high at its highest point.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 44
Other
McDonnell, R R J, (1993)
Title: Gray`s Ordnance Survey 6" Map sheet 33 SW Source Date: 1905 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SS 78432 42873

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014274 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 12:45:01.

End of official listing