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Lanacombe 3: a stone setting and cairn on the east side of Lanacombe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lanacombe 3: a stone setting and cairn on the east side of Lanacombe

List entry Number: 1014275

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Exmoor

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Mar-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25203

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time. Stone settings consist of a group of standing stones set out in an irregular or random pattern. There are a number of such sites on Exmoor where they appear to be a regional variation of the more common stone alignments. Stone settings are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone settings were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type all surviving examples are considered to be of national importance.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The Lanacombe 3 stone setting and cairn survive well and retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument. In particular, the buried soil of the cairn will retain palaeoenvironmental and dating evidence. The importance of the Lanacombe 3 stone setting is enhanced by being part of a linear group of five similar sites.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four standing stones, two recumbent stones, a cairn and the archaeologically sensitive areas between and around the features. The site is located on the south east facing slope of Lanacombe. The stones are set out in an apparently random manner with the cairn at the south eastern edge of the site which extends for 0.04ha. The standing stones are between 200mm and 500mm high, 150mm to 600mm wide and 50mm to 150mm thick. The two recumbent stones lie on the northern edge of the group. The north westernmost stone is 1m long by 600mm wide while the south easternmost is 850mm long by 200mm wide. The largest and most northerly of these two stones has three separate inscriptions on its upper face. The largest of these is a broadly cut letter V over the central apex of the letter W which in turn is over the letter O. The second inscription comprises a thinly incised vertical bar, with short horizontal lines across the top, centre and bottom, which lies next to a letter C. The third inscription is a similar, thinly incised letter T. These inscriptions post date the construction and main period of use of the monument. The cairn lies on the downslope side of the site and is 4m in diameter and 300mm high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 45
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 45
Other
McDonnell, R R J, (1993)
Title: Gray`s Ordnance Survey 6" Map sheet 33 SW Source Date: 1905 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SS 78630 42998

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014275 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 03:10:21.

End of official listing