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Burton Howe round barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Burton Howe round barrow

List entry Number: 1014370

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ingleby Greenhow

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Westerdale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Jan-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28230

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Part excavation has already demonstrated the survival of archaeological remains within the barrow and that it had more than one phase of use. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. Together with adjacent barrows it is also thought to have represented a territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1.7m high. It is round in shape and 15m in diameter. The mound was partly excavated by R S Close in 1956 and was found to have had two phases of construction and use. At first the barrow mound was a turf stack surrounded by a circular kerb of stones. This kerb consisted of large flat stones set on edge with a double kerb at the north east and an inner circle of stones placed on the turf. In the centre of this was a cist or stone coffin in which the cremated burial was placed. Fragments of cremated bone, pottery and a clay bead were found. The mound was later reused and a second cremation was inserted on the south east side and the mound enlarged with a covering of stone and earth. In the central area, in the upper turf and below a capping of flat stones, were four post holes, 0.3m square and 0.6m deep. There was no ditch recorded surrounding the mound and it is thought that the construction material was collected from loose stone and turf in the vicinity. There is a boundary stone on the top of the mound, 1m in height. There are many similar barrows in this area of the North York Moors. Many are part of groups, particularly along the watersheds or other prominent locations, which indicates that the barrows, as well as being funerary monuments, also represent territorial markers defining divisions of land. These divisions still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 6, 55
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. bar 104, (1993), 116-122

National Grid Reference: NZ 60790 03255

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014370 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 01:20:45.

End of official listing