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Hut circle 920m SSW of Mounthooly

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Hut circle 920m SSW of Mounthooly

List entry Number: 1014487

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-May-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24622

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The hut circle 920m SSW of Mounthooly survives well and will retain significant archaeological deposits. It is situated within an area of clustered archaeological sites of high quality and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. This is a rare example of an isolated hut circle situated at the bottom of the College Valley and will contribute to the study of land use in the late prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle of Bronze Age date, situated on the western floodplain of the College Burn at the foot of the steep eastern slope of The Schil. The hut circle lies against an ancient river terrace which has been used as part of its western wall and is visible as the roughly circular foundations of a building; it measures 5.5m in diameter with walls up to 1.5m wide and 0.5m high. There is an entrance on the south east side which measures c.1m wide and is defined by two large boulders.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Archaeology Section, Tyne, Wear Museums, , College Valley Survey: Mounthooly, (1994), 6

National Grid Reference: NT 87935 21656

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014487 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:47:40.

End of official listing