Bowl barrow 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014562

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 20-May-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Chadlington

National Grid Reference: SP 30476 21932

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced in height by cultivation over the last 50 years, the bowl barrow on Barter's Hill survives as a recognisable earthwork and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known as Barter's Hill barrow, located on the east facing slope of Barter's Hill, 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm. The barrow has a stony mound 28m in diameter and 0.2m high. This is known to have stood 0.7m high in 1940 and would originally have measured at least 1m high. Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level is a 3m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28118

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
PRN 2290, C.A.O., Barters Hill Round Barrow, (1984)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SP 32 SW

End of official listing