Round barrow 480m east of Yorkshire Gliding Club

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014564

Date first listed: 29-Aug-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 13-May-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 480m east of Yorkshire Gliding Club
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Kilburn High and Low

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 52131 81795

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although partly reduced by agricultural activity, this barrow survives as an earthwork. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is one of a number of similar monuments in the wider area which offer important scope for the study of burial practice.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on the southern edge of the Hambleton Hills. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.4m high. It is round in shape and 14m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. The mound was partly excavated in 1910 by John Sanders who revealed it to be constucted of layers of gravel and soil. The remains of a single human cremation which had been placed in a collared urn were found in the centre of the mound. A number of bronze studs or pinheads were also found in the urn. The cremation urn has been dated to between 1500 and 1200 BC. A fence crosses the mound and the southern edge of the monument is crossed by a gravel and fabric horse gallop. Both these features are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28225

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Varley, A, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Round Barrows and Adjacent Earthworks Hambleton Hills, , Vol. VOL 51, (1979), 141-145

End of official listing