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Bowl barrow 580m east of Moor Wood Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 580m east of Moor Wood Farm

List entry Number: 1014684

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: North Warwickshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hartshill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21623

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow within Hartshill Hayes Country Park survives well and limited antiquarian investigation of the mound has indicated that valuable evidence relating both to the construction and use of the barrow survives within the mound. It is also known to retain rare evidence for the reuse of the barrow during the Anglo-Saxon period. The deposits within the infilled ditch will preserve evidence for the environment in which the monument was built and for environmental changes occurring during its use. The site is included within a public amenity area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a ridge within the western part of Hartshill Hayes Country Park and 580m east of Moor Wood Farm. The earth mound stands to a height of 2.1m and is approximately 20m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide, and is included in the scheduling. The barrow was partly excavated in 1835 when it was recorded as standing to a height of 4.5m and a variety of archaeological remains were located within the mound, including three Bronze Age burials. These were associated with a small cist of loose stones approximately 2m beneath the top of the mound within which were two large urns, placed rim downwards, and both containing burnt fragments. Two smaller vessels or drinking cups and a small bronze dagger or knife were associated with these remains. A further up-turned Bronze Age urn laid over burnt bone fragments, together with a drinking cup, was located approximately 0.6m below these two burials. An intrusive Anglo-Saxon burial was also located within the upper, eastern levels of the mound and included several bone fragments, an iron spearhead and a corroded shield boss. The fence posts and the surface of the road in the south western part of the monument are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Thomas, N, 'Transaction of the Warwickshire Archaeological Society' in An Archaeological Gazeteer for Warwickshire, (1974), 31
Thomas, N, 'Transaction of the Warwickshire Archaeological Society' in An Archaeological Gazeteer for Warwickshire, (1974), 31

National Grid Reference: SP 31755 94330

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:41:54.

End of official listing