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Section of Scots Dike linear boundary south of Kirklands Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Section of Scots Dike linear boundary south of Kirklands Farm

List entry Number: 1014797

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Gilling with Hartforth and Sedbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Jul-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Jul-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26945

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Scots Dike is a linear earthwork extending for 14km from the River Swale to the River Tees in North Yorkshire. Significant sections remain visible as upstanding earthworks and indicate that the dyke system had an earthen rampart flanked on the eastern side by a ditch. Where not preserved as an upstanding monument, the dyke is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs and elswhere often survives as a low bank beneath present field boundaries. It was constructed in the post Roman period and encloses an area in the eastern foothills of the Pennines between the two rivers. This area contained wealthy arable and pastoral land as well as some of the mineral resources of the northern Pennines. Linear earthworks were used to divide territory for military, social, economic and political purposes, often using natural features such as rivers and watersheds to define an area. Scots Dike was built to consolidate territorial and economic units in response to changing political circumstances during the sixth and seventh centuries AD. These were brought about, at least in part, by the arrival of the Anglians in northern England. Fewer than 50 examples of linear earthworks of post Roman date have been identified in England. As a rare monument type of considerable importance to the study of early medieval territorial patterns, all surviving examples are identified as being of national importance. This section of Scots Dike survives well and significant archaeological remains will be preserved within and beneath the monument. It will provide information about the development of the landscape in the post Roman period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a section of the linear earthwork known as Scots Dike. The monument includes a bank and flanking ditch extending for 350m south of Kirklands Farm, and is located on a south facing slope extending down from Gatherley Moor. The bank is 10m wide and up to 1.8m high reducing in size at the southern end where it is only 0.8m high above the adjacent land. The ditch, lying to the east of the bank, is 7m wide at the northern end but reduces to 3m wide to the south. To the east of the ditch is a small counterscarp bank 2m wide at the northern end which narrows and is no longer visible as an earthwork at the southern end. The dyke continued further to the south, where its course can be identified in field boundaries and drainage ditches. Here it has been much altered by agricultural activity and is not therefore included in the scheduling. At the northern end the dyke is truncated by Kirklands Farm and its outbuildings although it continues 70m to the north where it is the subject of a separate scheduling. All modern fences, gates and walls are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Haselgrove, C, 'Rural Settlement in the Roman North' in Indigenous settlement patterns in the Tyne-Tees lowlands, , Vol. BAR, (1982)
Maclaughlan, , 'Archaeological Journal' in Roman Roads Camps and Earthworks in the North Riding, , Vol. VOL 6, (1849), 221-225
Other
RCHME, Scots Dyke,

National Grid Reference: NZ 19268 05896

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 11:44:20.

End of official listing