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Moated site 150m south east of St Mary's Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site 150m south east of St Mary's Church

List entry Number: 1014892

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: County of Herefordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kentchurch

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Aug-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27540

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 150m south east of St Mary's Church is a good example of this class of monument. The platform area will retain evidence for the original buildings and for activities that took place there, allowing the use of the site to be understood. Material that has accumulated in the ditch since its construction will preserve environmental evidence for activity at and around the moat, and evidence for structures such as a causeway will be preserved in the infilled eastern arm of the ditch. When viewed as part of a group including Kentchurch Court itself and its associated deer park, the monument assists our understanding of the social organisation of the county and the leisure pursuits of the medieval aristocracy.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site, situated in the Monnow Valley at the foot of a west facing slope. The site is located at the entrance to Kentchurch Park (Deer Park), approximately 250m south west of Kentchurch Court which was, in origin, a 14th century residence. The moated island is square in plan and measures 40m NNW-SSE by 42m WSW-ENE. It is surrounded on all sides by a ditch averaging 12m wide, which survives to a depth of c.1.5m on the north west side. The ditch has become infilled on the south and east sides, however it will survive here as a buried feature. A 1949 survey of the site recorded an external bank flanking the western, northern, and eastern arms of the moat, however this feature has now been removed and is not included in the scheduling. Evidence for the original entrance to the moated island, represented by a causeway across the eastern arm and which appeared on the same survey, will survive as buried features. Such simple square moats are often found ornamenting medieval hunting lodges, and this site may well have been constructed soon after the enclosure of the deer park. All fences around the monument are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, , Herefordshire, south west, (1931), 153
Other
mss, held on SMR, RCHM, Kentchurch (S of Court), (1949)
R2 MP 13/4/69, (1969)

National Grid Reference: SO 42073 25574

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014892 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 06:09:50.

End of official listing