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Uckinghall cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Uckinghall cross

List entry Number: 1014906

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ripple

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jan-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Aug-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27550

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross at Uckinghall is a good example of a medieval wayside cross with a square base. It is believed to stand in its original position, and limited development in the area immediately surrounding the cross suggests that archaeological deposits relating to the monument's construction and use in this location are likely to survive intact. The close proximity of the cross at Ripple further enhances interest in the monument. The cross at Uckinghall is clearly visible to pedestrians and motorists alike.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a stone cross, situated on a grass island on a crossroads in the village of Uckinghall. The grey limestone cross is of probable 15th century date and consists of a stepped base and shaft. It is Listed Grade II. The base is square in plan and has three steps, the bottom two of which have become buried as the surrounding ground level has been raised to combat flooding. The visible step has sides of 0.85m and a chamfered rim. The shaft is 0.3m square at the base rising to an octagonal section higher up, and is c.1m tall. The top 0.15m of the shaft narrows to a rectangular section, having the appearance of `tenon' with a groove and hole in the top. Wayside crosses such as this were reputedly places where penances were sometimes performed, and local tradition holds that this example was once a whipping post. Another cross at Ripple, c.600m ESE, is adjacent to a set of stocks and is the subject of a separate scheduling (SM27551).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
FMW, AM107, FMW report, (1983)
Uckinghall Village Cross 00308,

National Grid Reference: SO 86837 37945

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 06:51:01.

End of official listing