Group of three bowl barrows 350m SE of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014942

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Oct-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Group of three bowl barrows 350m SE of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Storrington and Sullington

National Grid Reference: TQ 09672 14445

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, occur either in isolation or grouped in cemeteries across most of lowland Britain. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed). Despite some past disturbance, the three bowl barrows in Sullington Warren survive comparatively well, and part excavation has shown the cemetery of which they form a part to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the ways in which it was constructed and used.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the three south easternmost bowl barrows of a group of ten situated along two parallel NNW-SSE aligned Greensand ridges in the lee of the Sussex Downs. The cemetery is formed by two linear groups of barrows, one running along each ridge. The monument lies at the south east end of the eastern group, which consists of six barrows. The southernmost barrow of the group survives as a semicircular mound measuring c.14m in diameter and up to c.0.6m high. The mound was originally circular, but has been damaged to the south east by long term use of an adjacent, south west-north east aligned footpath. The mound will have been surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has also been damaged to the south east, and has become infilled over the years elsewhere, but will survive to the north west as a buried feature c.1m wide. Lying c.18m to the NNW is a barrow with a roughly circular mound c.22m in diameter and up to 1.8m high, which shows signs of part disturbance on its eastern side some time in the past. The mound will be surrounded by an infilled quarry ditch c.2m wide. The third barrow of the group is situated c.8m to the north west and has a circular mound c.15m in diameter, surviving to a height of c.0.5m. This is surrounded by an infilled quarry ditch c.1m wide. The cemetery was partly excavated in 1809 when cinerary urns and burnt human bones were found. The modern wooden fence situated within the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27087

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Sussex Archaeological Society' in Sussex in the Bronze Age, , Vol. 72, (1941), 64

End of official listing