A group of seven carved rocks and four small cairns, south of Eller Edge Nook and 730m ENE of High Lathe, Skyreholme

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014958

Date first listed: 30-Aug-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of A group of seven carved rocks and four small cairns, south of Eller Edge Nook and 730m ENE of High Lathe, Skyreholme
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Thruscross

National Grid Reference: SE 09008 61487

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Prehistoric rock carving is found on natural boulders and rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham, and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup' marking, where small cup-like hollows are worked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the rings may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. All positively identified prehistoric rock carvings sites will normally be identified as nationally important. These carved rocks and cairns form part of a wider group of carved rocks and other archaeological features on the uplands east of Skyreholme. The carvings on the rocks survive well and form an important part of the prehistoric landscape of the Skyreholme area. The cairns are disturbed, but all retain evidence of their form and location. They also form an important part of the archaeological context of the carved rocks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes seven carved gritstone rocks and a four small cairns. They are situated at Skyreholme, and are on slightly sloping ground, south of Eller Edge Nook. The cairns range from 2.5m to 6m in diameter. Most have been robbed for walling stone in the past. Several incorporate large boulders, including some of the carved rocks, with smaller stones piled around them. The carved rocks are gritstone boulders, several of which are large. They have simple designs consisting mainly of cup marks. Two rocks also have grooves.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28092

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing