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Bowl barrow 160m south west of the National Stud clubhouse

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 160m south west of the National Stud clubhouse

List entry Number: 1015012

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: East Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Stetchworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Jan-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Aug-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27170

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 160m south west of the National Stud clubhouse is very well preserved, in marked contrast to the majority of barrows in the region which are generally only visible on aerial photographs. Funerary remains surviving undisturbed within and below the mound will provide valuable insights into early burial practices and the beliefs of the community which built the monument. The former ground surface, buried beneath the mound, will retain important evidence for the appearance of the landscape at the time it was constructed. Comparison between this monument and other nearby barrow sites will provide important information concerning the variation and development of prehistoric burial practices and the distribution of early settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated immediately to the north of the A 1305, within the grounds of the National Stud. The barrow mound is circular in plan with a rounded profile, measuring 16.5m in diameter and surviving to a height of approximately 0.8m. The mound is encircled by a ditch from which the material was quarried for its construction. This feature is now largely buried, and remains visible only as a very slight depression, 2m in width. The mound may have suffered some disturbance as a result of being incorporated in an avenue of beech trees planted in the early 19th century by Napoleonic prisoners of war. It is, however, thought to remain unexcavated, unlike many upstanding barrows in the region which were investigated by 19th century antiquarians. The barrow forms part of a dispersed cemetery of similar monuments of which the nearest is at Hare Park (3km to the south west and the subject of a separate scheduling).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Taylor, A, 'East Anglian Archaeology' in The Barrows of Cambridgeshire, , Vol. 12, (1981), 108-120
Other
7455, (1985)
AM 107 FMW report, Patterson, H, Round Barrow SW of Heath Stud Farm, (1988)
Littlewort, P, The beech avenues near the National Stud, (1995)

National Grid Reference: TL 61245 61234

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015012 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Sep-2018 at 12:14:16.

End of official listing