Bowl barrow at the west end of Cothelstone Hill, 825m NNE of St Agnes' Well

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015085

Date first listed: 23-Jun-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at the west end of Cothelstone Hill, 825m NNE of St Agnes' Well
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane (District Authority)

Parish: Cothelstone

National Grid Reference: ST 18763 32603

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards. Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the Quantocks' broader landscape character. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Cothelstone Hill lies at the south end of the sandstone ridge of the Quantocks, has high visitor rates and exhibits a range of monuments in a comparatively small area. The barrow at the west end of Cothelstone Hill survives as a prominent earthwork. Despite being subject to erosion and showing evidence of possible antiquarian investigation, it will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow's structure, function and period of construction.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the west end of the hill-top of Cothelstone Hill, at the south west extent of the Quantocks sandstone ridge. The barrow is 19m in diameter and 1.7m in height. The top is a flat platform 5.5m in diameter, with some of the stone core exposed by erosion. There is a hollow 3m by 2m on the south west side of the mound. The barrow was first documented by L V Grinsell in 1957.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29358

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Smerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1969), 28
Other
Neolithic & B.A flint, 200 pieces, Flint scatter, SMR no 43034,

End of official listing