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Bowl barrow and folly ruins on Cothelstone Hill, 1km north east of St Agnes' Well

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow and folly ruins on Cothelstone Hill, 1km north east of St Agnes' Well

List entry Number: 1015086

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cothelstone

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Jun-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29360

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards. Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the Quantocks' broader landscape character. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Cothelstone Hill lies at the south end of the sandstone ridge of the Quantocks, has high visitor rates and exhibits a range of monuments in a comparatively small area. The bowl barrow will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its structure, function and period of construction. The post- medieval folly, constructed on the barrow, gives the barrow an unusual dimension and obvious historic interest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow surmounted by foundations of a ruined post-medieval folly. It is located on the highest point of Cothelstone Hill, at the south west end of the sandstone ridge of the Quantock Hills. The barrow mound is 1.5m high, and 12m in diameter. A spread of stone rubble and earth covers an area to the north and west of the mound. A break of slope on the western slope indicates the junction of the barrow and folly. The folly is represented by a level platform on top of the mound in which stone foundations are apparent. The circular tower was destroyed in 1910, having been built for Lady Hillsborough, the estate owner, between 1768 and 1780 for the purpose of viewing the surrounding country. The monument was noted by L V Grinsell as Cothelstone Beacon in 1961.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Smerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1969), 28
Kemeys-Tynte, St D M, 'Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries' in Cothelstone Tower, , Vol. 16, (1920), 295-297
Other
Neolithic & Bronze Age flint, Flint scatter 43034,

National Grid Reference: ST 18979 32677

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015086 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 06:13:40.

End of official listing