Bowl barrow 850m ESE of Hill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015182

Date first listed: 07-Nov-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 850m ESE of Hill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Tarrant Keyneston

National Grid Reference: ST 94220 03851

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 850m ESE of Hill Farm, despite the damage caused by the construction of a World War II gun emplacement, is comparatively well preserved and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, 850m south east of Hill Farm, one of a group of three adjacent to the parish boundary. The barrow has a mound which was recorded in 1961 as being 23m in diameter, although now it is slightly reduced in size. It is a maximum of 1.8m high with a large crater, 7m in diameter and 0.7m deep, on its south east side. This results from the construction of a World War II anti-aircraft gun emplacement. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was excavated during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. An additional barrow 120m to the south west forms the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27459

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 137

End of official listing