Pair of bowl barrows immediately south of Blindwell Wood

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1015212
Date first listed:
13-Nov-1972
Date of most recent amendment:
01-Jul-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pair of bowl barrows immediately south of Blindwell Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Oxfordshire
District:
West Oxfordshire (District Authority)
Parish:
Crawley
National Grid Reference:
SP 32976 14635

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows south of Blindwell Wood survive as earthworks despite part quarrying and cultivation. They are not believed to have been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction.

Details

The monument includes a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned roughly north east-south west along a false crest, immediately south of Blindwell Wood. The barrow to the north east has an irregular stony mound c.34m east-west, 20m north-south and 1.6m high. The irregular shape appears to be due to the northern side of the mound having been quarried into. The mound to the south west has been reduced in height by cultivation. It has a diameter of c.20m and stands up to 0.5m high. It is surrounded by a partly infilled quarry ditch which is best seen to the east and south. This ditch is c.3m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are the north-south running hedge and fence which cross both barrows, although the land beneath, including the hedge bank, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21843
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
PRN 1553 A, C.A.O., 1 [SP32981464] TUMULUS [OE] [A], (1984)
PRN 1553 B, C.A.O., 2 [SP32981460] TUMULUS [OE] (Site of) [B], (1984)
PRN 1553 B, C.A.O., 2 [SP32981460] TUMULUS [OE] (Site of) [B], (1984)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SP 31 SW

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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