Linear boundary earthwork on Amesbury Down west of Stock Bottom

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015218

Date first listed: 03-May-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jan-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Linear boundary earthwork on Amesbury Down west of Stock Bottom
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Nov-2018 at 17:48:18.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Amesbury

National Grid Reference: SU 15549 39504

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The linear boundary earthwork survives well in places and will provide valuable information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of linear boundary earthwork aligned broadly north - south on a gentle south west facing slope of Amesbury Down, west of Stock Bottom. The earthwork is the southernmost surviving section of a more extensive linear boundary, traces of which are visible on aerial photographs immediately to the north. The overall form of the linear boundary varies within the monument. Its most northerly section survives for a length of 120m as a ditch 3.5m wide and 0.5m deep on either side of which a bank has previously been recorded. The overall width of the boundary at this point was recorded as 12m. For a further 90m south of this section the ditch of the boundary survives as a soilmark 4m wide and traces of a bank are visible as a soilmark 4m wide on its eastern side. The boundary here changes direction to run north west - south east. Part excavation at this point in 1966 revealed three phases of construction and a possible gate structure. From this point for a distance of 170m the boundary survives as a ditch 6m wide and 0.5m deep flanked on its north east side by a bank 6m wide and 0.9m high. There are no indications within this section of a bank on the other side of the ditch. At the southern end of this section the bank has been levelled by the Stock Bottom road, beneath which the ditch will survive as a buried feature. To the south of the road the final 90m length of the boundary was previously recorded as a ditch flanked on either side by a bank and with an overall width of 10m. The banks have been levelled and the ditch infilled by cultivation but the ditch will survive as a buried feature. The linear boundary earthwork lies within an extensive ancient field system. This has largely been levelled by cultivation and is not included within the scheduling. The modern road surface and all fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28935

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in Excavation and Fieldwork in Wiltshire (add) 1966, , Vol. 63, (1968), 115

End of official listing