Lynchets at Southmill Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015220

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Lynchets at Southmill Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Nov-2018 at 17:47:48.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Amesbury

National Grid Reference: SU 15930 40808

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological `landscapes' in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Lynchets provide distinctive traces of medieval and earlier agricultural activities in downland areas, indicating the level of intensity of land use and farming practices through time. The four lynchets on Southmill Hill survive well and are a prominent landscape feature on the periphery of the town of Amesbury. In addition, they will contain archaeological deposits providing evidence for the economy and environment during the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a flight of four strip lynchets lying across the north west facing slope of Southmill Hill, immediately north east of the A345 Salisbury to Amesbury road. The lynchets are medieval in date and are the result of deliberate terracing of the steep hillslope for cultivation. They survive as wide terraces up to 15m wide cut into the slope and separated by steep sections of bank which range in height from 2m to 5.5m. The northernmost lynchet survives to the greater height, declining gradually to the southernmost lynchet which is the lowest in height. The remains of a further lynchet to the south east of the monument have been levelled by cultivation and are not included within the scheduling. All fence posts and cattle troughs are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28941

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing