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Lynchets at Southmill Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lynchets at Southmill Hill

List entry Number: 1015220


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Amesbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Mar-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Nov-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28941

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological `landscapes' in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Lynchets provide distinctive traces of medieval and earlier agricultural activities in downland areas, indicating the level of intensity of land use and farming practices through time. The four lynchets on Southmill Hill survive well and are a prominent landscape feature on the periphery of the town of Amesbury. In addition, they will contain archaeological deposits providing evidence for the economy and environment during the medieval period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a flight of four strip lynchets lying across the north west facing slope of Southmill Hill, immediately north east of the A345 Salisbury to Amesbury road. The lynchets are medieval in date and are the result of deliberate terracing of the steep hillslope for cultivation. They survive as wide terraces up to 15m wide cut into the slope and separated by steep sections of bank which range in height from 2m to 5.5m. The northernmost lynchet survives to the greater height, declining gradually to the southernmost lynchet which is the lowest in height. The remains of a further lynchet to the south east of the monument have been levelled by cultivation and are not included within the scheduling. All fence posts and cattle troughs are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 15930 40808


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2018 at 05:56:25.

End of official listing