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Hilly Plantation bowl barrow, part of the Chippenham barrow cemetery, 500m south west of Waterhall Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Hilly Plantation bowl barrow, part of the Chippenham barrow cemetery, 500m south west of Waterhall Farm

List entry Number: 1015245

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: East Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chippenham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jan-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27179

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Hilly Plantation bowl barrow survives well; the mound has not been excavated and is believed to stand close to its original height. Funerary remains together with other artefacts and structural evidence contained within the mound will provide details of the date of its construction, the duration of use and the character of prehistoric burial. The former ground surface beneath the mound will retain valuable evidence for activities preceding its construction, and environmental information illustrating the appearance of the landscape in which the monument was set. The association between this barrow and the others which form both the cemetery and the wider alignment is highly significant, providing insights into the development of ritual practice, the position of the prehistoric trackway across the chalk escarpment, and the pattern of prehistoric settlement in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow located 500m to the south west of Waterhall Farm, within a small copse situated in the angle of the A11/A14 junction. The barrow stands on the broad ridge of the low chalk escarpment. To the south a slight gradient descends in the direction of Newmarket, and to the north the ground gradually falls towards Chippenham and the fen edge around Worlington and Isleham. The barrow mound is roughly circular in plan and domed in profile, measuring c.25m in diameter and 1.4m in height. It was first noted in C Fox's `Archaeology of the Cambridge Region'(1923), at which time it was recorded as being unexamined. There is no evidence of archaeological excavation since this time, and the mound is therefore assumed to remain substantially undisturbed. The barrow forms part of a dispersed group or cemetery which included at least ten similar barrows, seven of which still survive (and are scheduled separately). The cemetery is aligned broadly east-west, extending over a distance of c.1.5km to the south of Chippenham Park. The Hilly Plantation barrow lies towards the western side of the alignment, some 320m from its nearest neighbour to the east in The Rookery plantation (SM 27178), and separated by the line of the A11 from a group of barrows clustered on the north side of the road junction (some of which were excavated in 1973 prior to the construction of the dual carriageways - those which survive comprise SM 27180). This alignment, together with further outlying barrows near Newmarket and Barton Mills, broadly correlates with the course of the Roman road between Great Chesterford and Thetford. The barrows are indicative of a far earlier prehistoric trackway following the Icknield Way across the edge of the chalk escarpment.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bray, S, Chippenham Park and Fen River Pipeline Archaeological Assessment, (1991)
Fox, C, Archaeology of the Cambridge Region, (1923), 30
Other
generic SMR number, 10325 Chippenham Barrow Group, (1985)
generic SMR number, 7448 Chippenham Barrow Group, (1991)

National Grid Reference: TL 67571 66899

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 06:11:05.

End of official listing