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Pepper Hill bowl barrow, 400m north east of Mill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pepper Hill bowl barrow, 400m north east of Mill Farm

List entry Number: 1015264

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Weeting-with-Broomhill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Dec-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21434

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Pepper Hill bowl barrow survives well, and although there is evidence that it has been the subject of an antiquarian investigation, the disturbance is limited in relation to the monument as a whole. The mound and deposits beneath it and in the fill of the ditch will retain archaeological information relating to the construction of the barrow, the manner and duration of its use and the local environment at that time, and evidence for earlier land use is likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound. The barrow is one of several which survive in the vicinity of the prehistoric flint mines of Grimes Graves and which, as a group, are of interest for the study of the general character and development of prehistoric settlement in this area of the Breckland region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a slight ridge on the western side of the Breckland region near the fen edge and c.1200m north of the Little Ouse River. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound encircled by a ditch. The mound stands to a height of c.2.4m and covers a circular area c.28m in diameter, and the surrounding ditch, which has become partly infilled, is marked by hollows c.3.5m wide and c.0.3m deep in the ground surface around the foot of the mound on the north east and south west sides. There is a slight cruciform depression in the top of the mound and low banks of earth tailing from the foot of it across the ditch on the north west and south east sides. These features are probably the result of an antiquarian excavation by Lord Rosehill, who is thought to have investigated this and six other barrows in the Weeting area in 1871.

A service pole adjacent to the mound is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
5616: Pepper Hill, Weeting with Broomhill,

National Grid Reference: TL 78673 88129

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015264 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Jun-2018 at 01:20:44.

End of official listing