Saxon barrow 40m south east of Oxford Lodge
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1015553
Date first listed: 13-Aug-1973
Date of most recent amendment: 04-Mar-1997
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015553 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 12:07:47.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cherwell (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SP 53362 22142
Reasons for Designation
A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
The hlaew south east of Oxford Lodge survives as a fine example of its class. The three quarters of the monument which survived road widening will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to its construction and the landscape on which it was built.
The monument includes an Anglo-Saxon burial mound, known as a hlaew, situated
south east of Oxford Lodge, immediately east of the A43(T) road.
Despite the west quadrant of the barrow having been removed to bedrock by
excavation prior to road widening in 1974, the barrow mound survives as a
clearly visible earthwork measuring up to 20m in diameter (north to south) and
standing up to c.2m high. The barrow mound originally stood c.2.5m high but
has been partly landscaped on the west side to improve road visibility. There
was no indication that it ever had a quarry ditch.
Excluded from the scheduled area is the boundary fence between the road
carriageway and the field in which the barrow lies, although the ground
beneath is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 28165
Legacy System: RSM
PRN 5125, C.A.O., Mound East of Oxford Lodge, (1993)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing