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Saxon barrow 40m south east of Oxford Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Saxon barrow 40m south east of Oxford Lodge

List entry Number: 1015553

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chesterton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Aug-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Mar-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28165

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy of preservation.

The hlaew south east of Oxford Lodge survives as a fine example of its class. The three quarters of the monument which survived road widening will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to its construction and the landscape on which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Anglo-Saxon burial mound, known as a hlaew, situated south east of Oxford Lodge, immediately east of the A43(T) road. Despite the west quadrant of the barrow having been removed to bedrock by excavation prior to road widening in 1974, the barrow mound survives as a clearly visible earthwork measuring up to 20m in diameter (north to south) and standing up to c.2m high. The barrow mound originally stood c.2.5m high but has been partly landscaped on the west side to improve road visibility. There was no indication that it ever had a quarry ditch. Excluded from the scheduled area is the boundary fence between the road carriageway and the field in which the barrow lies, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
PRN 5125, C.A.O., Mound East of Oxford Lodge, (1993)

National Grid Reference: SP 53362 22142

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015553 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 01:52:15.

End of official listing