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Section of linear boundary dyke on Millington Lings 625m north east of High Callis Wold

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Section of linear boundary dyke on Millington Lings 625m north east of High Callis Wold

List entry Number: 1015574

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bishop Wilton

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Millington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Apr-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26590

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The monument is part of a very extensive and important system of linear boundary dykes in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds, dating back to the Bronze Age. Although the monument does not survive above ground level at its northern end, archaeological remains will survive in the buried ditches below ground here. However, for most of its length it survives well as a significant earthwork feature, and is a rare example of a complex of bank and double flanking ditches. It is closely associated with other adjacent complexes of linear banks and ditches, which together form an integral system of boundary and defensive earthworks in this region. As such it offers important insights into ancient land use and territorial divisions for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 350m long section of Bronze Age linear boundary bank and ditches (also known as a dyke) running due north-south between Millington Lings and Millington Wold, cut at its southern end by the line of the modern road running from the A166 south towards Low Callis Wold and Millington Grange. Lying close to an ancient trackway on the western side of the Wolds, the surviving part of which forms the present-day Wolds Way, the monument forms a relatively short section of an elaborate complex of boundary dykes between Millington and Huggate Wolds and Huggate Pasture, single components of which run either along the top of the escarpment, or part the way down the sides of the intervening dry valley systems of Frendal Dale and Tun Dale, south in the direction of Pasture Dale, Millington Dale and Cow Moor, or north and west towards Millington Wold and Millington Lings, linking up with the boundary dykes in those areas. These dykes were used to enhance the natural topographical barriers of spurs and escarpments between valleys, with additional physical barriers of banks and ditches. Natural conduits along the floors of dry valleys were then `blocked' by other bank and ditch systems to control access. Well preserved sections of these linear boundaries are the subject of separate schedulings, and in some cases, adjacent monuments may physically abut. This elaborate complex of boundary earthworks is one of the best preserved remnants of the original more extensive systems recorded and mapped by early antiquarians such as J R Mortimer in the 19th century. Excavations and observation of spatial relationships with other earthworks of known date demonstrate this Wolds complex of earthworks to have originated in the later Bronze Age, with several subsequent phases of elaboration and augmentation. The monument also forms part of a broadly related and extensive complex of multi-period prehistoric earthworks, including bowl barrows, barrow cemeteries, linear bank and ditch systems, trackways and enclosures dispersed across Huggate and Warter Wolds, and Huggate and Millington Pastures. This short section of linear bank and ditches is not a discrete monument, as neither its northern nor southern ends are thought to be original termini. It is thought to have formed part of a continuous length of boundary banks and ditches with other monuments in this area. At its southern end the dyke adjoined (or turned to become) a dyke running south west along the line of the modern road. This section of linear boundary is now no longer clearly identifiable and is thus not included in the scheduling. At its northern end, the monument is no longer visible as an earthwork feature above ground, but its archaeological remains will be preserved in the buried ditches below the present day ground level. As the line of the monument progresses due south, it becomes better preserved and survives as a substantial earthwork feature above ground. The monument includes a large central bank with double ditches, one flanking each of its eastern and western sides. At its southern end, before the monument is cut by the line of the modern road, the bank is very broad, being up to 9m across at its base and 3m-4m wide at the top, and is around 1.5m high on average. The western ditch is `U' shaped and 1.5m deep, measuring around 1.25m wide at its base and 4m wide at its top. The ditch to the east has a more `V' shaped profile, being around a metre wide at its base and up to 4m wide at the top. Towards the centre of the monument, the bank changes shape slightly, becoming more smoothly rounded in profile. It is broken in places by gaps thought to be of a later period, and the ditches become partly infilled towards the centre of the monument. Modern post and wire fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 365-380
Dent, J, 'Archaeological Journal' in The Yorkshire Dykes, , Vol. 141, (1984), 32-33
Halkon, P, 'Prehistory Research Section Bulletin' in The Huggate Dykes, , Vol. 30, (1993), 10
Manby, T, 'Current Archaeology' in The Yorkshire Dykes, , Vol. 67, (1979), 233
Other
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SE 83645 56230

Map

Map
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End of official listing