Barrows forming part of a cemetery, 320m north west of The Pheasant Hotel

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015676

Date first listed: 05-Dec-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Barrows forming part of a cemetery, 320m north west of The Pheasant Hotel
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winterslow

National Grid Reference: SU 22880 34959

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Five of the round barrows 320m north west of The Pheasant Hotel forming part of a wider cemetery are comparatively well preserved examples which, despite erosion caused by cultivation, still exhibit a recognisable profile. All of the barrows in this group will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes eight round barrows and the site of a possible ninth which together form part of a round barrow cemetery located on the side of a shallow dry valley on the eastern side of Winterslow Firs 320m north west of The Pheasant Hotel. The barrows are part of a wider but scattered group, known as the Winterslow Hut group, which includes examples on the opposite side and head of the coombe. Some of these additional barrows are the subject of separate schedulings.

Two of the barrows in this scheduling survive as substantial upstanding earthworks. Of these, the most northerly example is a bowl barrow which has a mound approximately 23m in diameter. The western side of this survives within Winterslow Firs to a height of 0.8m where traces of a quarry ditch c.3m wide can be recognised. The eastern side of the mound has been reduced by cultivation and on this side the ditch survives as a buried feature. The most southerly barrow has also been similarly truncated by cultivation and survives best within Winterslow Firs. Here the western half of the mound, which is approximately 25m in diameter, survives to a height of 1.2m. Traces of a quarry ditch c.3m wide can be seen within the woodland while on the eastern side of the barrow the ditch will survive as a buried feature. To the east of Winterslow Firs a further three barrows are visible as low mounds, ranging in size from 20m to 30m. Each is surrounded by a quarry ditch which, although no longer visible on the surface, will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

The monument also includes the sites of a further three now levelled barrows, the quarry ditches of which appear on aerial photographs. A low mound which lies within the group of barrows has been identified as a fourth example but aerial photographs show no evidence of a quarry ditch.

The sites of at least four additional barrows are thought to lie to the south and south east of the monument. These however, cannot be verified and have not been included within the scheduling.

All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26790

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Stevens, F, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in The Barrows of Winterslow, (1939), 174-82
Stevens, F, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in The Barrows of Winterslow, (1939), 174-82

End of official listing