This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Cropmark enclosures 500m south east of Ivy Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cropmark enclosures 500m south east of Ivy Farm

List entry Number: 1015679

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chilbolton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Oct-1979

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Mar-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26793

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Enclosures are a diverse group within which examples may variously provide evidence of settlement, land use or agricultural practices for any stage beween the prehistoric and post-medieval periods. Some examples are known from part excavation to have had a particular purpose and belonged to a specific period; many, however, remain poorly understood. Within the context of enclosures generally, except in upland areas, earthwork examples are comparatively rare, the majority being known from crop or soil marks recorded on aerial photographs. On the chalk downlands of Wessex enclosures were often constructed between the late prehistoric and medieval periods as settlements, stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing. They were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary accommodation for stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary considerably depending on their particular function. The enclosures 500m south east of Ivy Farm are most likely to date from the later Iron Age or Romano-British period and are two of a number which lie within the wider environs of Danebury hillfort, a landscape which has been intensively studied. Enclosures of this type may represent a level of settlement associated with, but of a lower status to, that represented by hillforts. They will contain archaeological deposits clarifying this relationship by providing information about their construction, use and associated economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of two irregular settlement enclosures and associated linear features lying on level ground 500m south east of Ivy Farm. The enclosures, which are aligned approximately north-south, are no longer visible on the ground and the details of their form have been derived from cropmarks visible on aerial photographs. The southern enclosure is of simple form, sub-rectangular with rounded corners, c.100m (north west-south east) by 70m and encloses an area of 0.74ha. The northern enclosure appears to be built onto the southern example. It is aligned in a similar direction, is irregular in shape, measures a maximum of 80m (north west-south east) by 65m and encloses an area of 0.49ha. There is a gap c.20m wide on the southern corner of this enclosure which may represent an original entrance. Linear features immediately adjacent to and parallel with the longest sides of the two enclosures are included within the scheduling. An additional linear feature, visible on aerial photographs to the north west of the northern enclosure, has no proven association with the enclosures and is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Palmer, R, Danebury an Iron Age Hillfort in Hampshire: Vol 3, (1984)

National Grid Reference: SU 39171 38477

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015679 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 03:02:12.

End of official listing