Pair of bowl barrows on Amberley Mount, 760m north east of Downs Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-May-2019 at 18:30:09.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Sussex
- Horsham (District Authority)
- National Park:
- SOUTH DOWNS
- National Grid Reference:
- TQ 04250 12493
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The pair of bowl barrows on Amberley Mount survive well, despite some disturbance by modern ploughing, and will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to the construction and use of the monument. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along the ridge, providing important evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.
The monument includes a pair of east-west aligned bowl barrows situated on a
ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The most prominent barrow of the
pair lies to the west and has a roughly circular mound c.14m in diameter and
c.1m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to
construct the barrow was excavated. This has becomed infilled over the years,
but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The eastern barrow has a mound
c.13m in diameter and c.0.8m high, the edge of which has been partly disturbed
by past ploughing. The mound will be surrounded by a buried construction ditch
The monument originally formed part of a group of at least eight burial
mounds, the other six of which have been levelled by modern ploughing and are
therefore not included in the scheduling.
The modern fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing