Pair of bowl barrows on Amberley Mount, 760m north east of Downs Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015719

Date first listed: 09-Nov-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pair of bowl barrows on Amberley Mount, 760m north east of Downs Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Amberley

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 04250 12493

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The pair of bowl barrows on Amberley Mount survive well, despite some disturbance by modern ploughing, and will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to the construction and use of the monument. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along the ridge, providing important evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of east-west aligned bowl barrows situated on a ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The most prominent barrow of the pair lies to the west and has a roughly circular mound c.14m in diameter and c.1m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has becomed infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The eastern barrow has a mound c.13m in diameter and c.0.8m high, the edge of which has been partly disturbed by past ploughing. The mound will be surrounded by a buried construction ditch c.2m wide. The monument originally formed part of a group of at least eight burial mounds, the other six of which have been levelled by modern ploughing and are therefore not included in the scheduling. The modern fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29255

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing