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Pair of platform barrows on the western side of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pair of platform barrows on the western side of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill

List entry Number: 1015724

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Storrington and Sullington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jul-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29260

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Platform barrows are the rarest of the recognised types of round barrow, and take the form of low flat-topped mounds of earth surrounded by a shallow ditch. They are of Bronze Age date (3400-2400BC). Very few examples have been recorded to date, but all are in southern England with a marked concentration in East and West Sussex. The pair of platform barrows at Kithurst Hill car park survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the cemetery. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along the ridge, providing important evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a north east-south west aligned pair of platform barrows situated on a chalk ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The barrows are part of a group of 13 burial mounds constructed along this part of the ridge, forming a dispersed, linear round barrow cemetery. Lying to the north east, the larger barrow of the pair has a raised circular platform c.12m in diameter and c.0.4m high surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives to the south as a slight depression c.3m wide and up to c.0.2m deep. The south western barrow partly overlies the infilled ditch of the adjacent, larger barrow, indicating that it may have been constructed at a slightly later date. This barrow has a circular mound c.11m in diameter and c.0.3m high, surrounded by a now infilled construction ditch up to c.2m wide. The modern surface of the track which crosses the southern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TQ 06931 12491

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:21:33.

End of official listing