Pair of platform barrows on the western side of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015724

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pair of platform barrows on the western side of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Storrington and Sullington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 06931 12491

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Platform barrows are the rarest of the recognised types of round barrow, and take the form of low flat-topped mounds of earth surrounded by a shallow ditch. They are of Bronze Age date (3400-2400BC). Very few examples have been recorded to date, but all are in southern England with a marked concentration in East and West Sussex. The pair of platform barrows at Kithurst Hill car park survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the cemetery. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along the ridge, providing important evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a north east-south west aligned pair of platform barrows situated on a chalk ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The barrows are part of a group of 13 burial mounds constructed along this part of the ridge, forming a dispersed, linear round barrow cemetery. Lying to the north east, the larger barrow of the pair has a raised circular platform c.12m in diameter and c.0.4m high surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives to the south as a slight depression c.3m wide and up to c.0.2m deep. The south western barrow partly overlies the infilled ditch of the adjacent, larger barrow, indicating that it may have been constructed at a slightly later date. This barrow has a circular mound c.11m in diameter and c.0.3m high, surrounded by a now infilled construction ditch up to c.2m wide. The modern surface of the track which crosses the southern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29260

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing