Round cairn 300m south west of Underwood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015727

Date first listed: 16-May-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 300m south west of Underwood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle (District Authority)

Parish: Bewcastle

National Grid Reference: NY 55687 77468

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some minor disturbance to the top of the monument, the round cairn 300m south west of Underwood survives in fair condition. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on flat ground 300m south west of Underwood. It includes an irregularly shaped flat topped mound of largely grass and tree covered stones up to 1.3m high, with maximum dimensions of 29m east-west by 25m north-south. A low stone wall and a fence on the cairn's east and west sides respectively are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27752

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR No. 55, Cumbria SMR, Underwood, (1985)

End of official listing