Round cairn 610m south east of High Grains

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015731

Date first listed: 16-May-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 610m south east of High Grains
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle (District Authority)

Parish: Askerton

National Grid Reference: NY 59051 74827

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited unrecorded archaeological investigation at the centre of the mound, the round cairn 610m south east of High Grains survives reasonably well and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath. The cairn lies close to other prehistoric monuments on the fells around Bewcastle and thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn located on the fellside 610m south east of High Grains. It includes a slightly oval shaped mound of turf covered stones measuring 6.5m east-west by 6m north-south and up to 0.6m high on the downslope western side. A central hollow in the cairn's surface indicates unrecorded archaeological investigation, and this disturbance has revealed part of a stone cist which would have held a cremation or inhumation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27756

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 106, Cumbria SMR, Watch Crag, (1985)

End of official listing