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Two round cairns in Mollen Wood, 660m east of Parkgate Bridge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round cairns in Mollen Wood, 660m east of Parkgate Bridge

List entry Number: 1015767

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Askerton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Apr-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27767

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited unrecorded archaeological investigation at the centre of the northern cairn and minor damage to both cairns by tree root growth, the two round cairns in Mollen Wood survive reasonably well and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mounds and upon the old landsurface beneath. The cairns lie close to other prehistoric monuments around Bewcastle, thus indicating the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two round cairns located on gently sloping land close to the south east corner of Mollen Wood, 660m east of Parkgate Bridge. The northern cairn includes a circular mound of stones measuring 8m in diameter and up to 1.5m high. A central hollow in the cairn's surface indicates unrecorded archaeological investigation and this disturbance has revealed part of a stone cist which would have held a cremation or inhumation. The southern cairn includes an oval-shaped mound of stones measuring 9m by 6m and up to 0.4m high. Three large boulders on the south side of the monument are thought to be the remains of a kerb which would have originally encircled the cairn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 77, Cumbria SMR, Cairn in Mollen Wood, (1985)

National Grid Reference: NY 56362 70662

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015767 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 01:25:16.

End of official listing