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Starfits round barrow, 450m north east of Starfits House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Starfits round barrow, 450m north east of Starfits House

List entry Number: 1015810


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kirkbymoorside

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Jan-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jul-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30102

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Starfits round barrow is a typical example of a ploughed North Yorkshire bowl barrow. Excavations at other similar sites have demonstrated that significant archaeological information typically survives, even where the earthworks are continuously ploughed. Where earthwork mounds can still be identified, the prehistoric ground surface tends to be below the plough horizon, meaning the primary burials will be undisturbed by modern agriculture. Additionally, any encircling ditch will survive as an infilled feature.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork remains of a prehistoric barrow located immediately to the west of the wooded gully, Robin Hood's Howl. Shown as an oval standing earthwork on the first edition Ordnance Survey 25in map (1853), the barrow has been identified as the example opened at `The Hag' by Rev W Eastman. Eastman, in his Historia Rievallensis (1824), reported finding a large quantity of burnt bone together with an urn. A barrow in the area was also investigated in c.1850 by Thomas Kendall of Pickering who found calcined (burnt) bones and broken urns. The monument survives within a field as a low stony mound c.25m in diameter and c.0.5m high. Excavations of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites, from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial, and that the primary burial was frequently below the original ground surface or, if not, was located on the ground surface rather than in the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Shallow ditches and/or stone kerbs immediately encircling the mounds are also quite common.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Eastman, Reverend W , Historia Rievallensis, (1824), 479

National Grid Reference: SE 68033 86957


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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jul-2018 at 01:57:08.

End of official listing