Bowl barrow 375m east of Wick Bottom Barn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015814

Date first listed: 09-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Feb-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 375m east of Wick Bottom Barn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Grid Reference: SU 15098 73121

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 375m east of Wick Bottom Barn has been reduced by cultivation over the years but will retain evidence for its construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow surviving as a low earthwork in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound was recorded as being 16m across and 1.2m high in 1955 and is now 12m across and 0.2m high. Surrounding the mound though no longer visible at ground level, are the buried remains of a 2m wide quarry ditch from which material was taken during the monument's construction. The site may have been that excavated by H Cunnington in 1879 although no details are known. Middle Bronze Age pottery has been found on the surface of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30454

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Passmore, A D, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 42, (1922), 56

End of official listing