Standing stone on Bygate Hill, 660m north west of Bygate Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015843

Date first listed: 03-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Standing stone on Bygate Hill, 660m north west of Bygate Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Belsay

National Grid Reference: NZ 06712 77036

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone in Bygate Hill Plantation is well preserved and a good example of its type. It is one of a small number of standing stones in Northumberland and will add to our knowledge and understanding of prehistoric ritual practice.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a standing stone of Bronze Age date, situated on the highest part of Bygate Hill. The standing stone, which is much weathered in appearance is 1.1m high and 0.6m by 0.65m wide. It is fashioned from a large block of stone which is square in profile and leans slightly to the south east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28550

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NZ07NE 10,

End of official listing