Medieval moated grange 160m south east of The Grange
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- North Yorkshire
- Hambleton (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 47716 80839
Reasons for Designation
Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.
A grange was a farm owned and run by a monastic community and independent of the secular manorial system of communal agriculture and servile labour. The function of granges was to provide food and raw materials for consumption by the parent house and to also to provide surpluses for profit. The majority of granges practised a mixed economy but some were specialist in their function such as cattle ranches, sheep farms or industrial complexes. Granges were located on monastic lands which, in some cases, were located some distance from the monastery.
The medieval moated grange south east of The Grange survives well and important remains will be preserved within the ditch and the central platform. As a monastic grange the monument offers important scope for the study of medieval rural and monastic life.
The monument includes a medieval moated site which was the location of a
monastic grange. The moated site includes a rectangular ditch enclosing a
raised central platform. The platform measures 150m north to south by 80m east
to west. On the eastern perimeter the ditch is up to 1.2m and has an internal
bank up to 0.75m high, elswhere it is less well preserved but is still visible
as an earthwork. At the north edge of the main platform is a slightly raised
Water was supplied to the moat at the north east corner from a ditch to the
north and drained away through a leat at the south west corner.
The grange was the property of Byland Abbey and was granted by Roger de
Mowbray in the 12th century.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Platt, C, The Monastic Grange in Medieval England, (1969), 188
AJC 101/23-6, (1976)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing