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Standing stone and cairn 490m south of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Standing stone and cairn 490m south of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy

List entry Number: 1015929

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27622

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s. Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the late Neolithic period to the end of the Bronze Age. They are often (as on Lundy) conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes; many, for example, are found on the edge of round cairns and barrows. Nine standing stones are recorded on Lundy, all believed to be still in their original positions and constituting an important group. Their survival in an environment virtually unchanged from prehistoric times means that they can be clearly seen in terms of the topographic setting in which they were constructed. A study of this group of stones concluded that, together, they represent evidence of a solar calender.

Round cairns are burial mounds found typically on upland moors in south west England and Wales. They are often mounds of earth and small stones and may cover one or more burials. They are generally dated to the Bronze Age (c.2000- 700 BC). The standing stone is older than the cairn and probably attracted the siting of a burial mound through its powerful associations with the past. The stone and its associated cairn survive well despite investigation of the cairn's central burial. The stone, the adjacent cairn and the archaeologically sensitive area between them will provide evidence for the construction, use and later reuse of the monument, and the environmental conditions prevalent at the time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a standing stone set on a small crescent-shaped bank, and a cairn immediately to its north. The stone is upright and measures 0.65m high, 1.2m wide and 0.4m thick. It is oriented north west to south east. The base of the stone lies buried in the cairn and so it cannot be determined whether it was originally earthfast or packed into position like most of the standing stones on Lundy. The stone is one of a group of nine recorded across the southern part of the island. The cairn is 0.3m high and 5m wide. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that it has been explored by antiquarians although there is no record of this excavation. It would seem that the burial cairn was sited so as to be close to an already ancient standing stone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Farrah, R W E, The Megalithic Astronomy of Lundy, (1991), 58

National Grid Reference: SS 13313 43816

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015929 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 01:24:40.

End of official listing