Ratfyn Barrow


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015948

Date first listed: 15-Sep-1938

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Feb-1997


Ordnance survey map of Ratfyn Barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2018 at 19:24:55.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Amesbury

National Grid Reference: SU 15842 41946


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Ratfyn Barrow survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bell barrow located in the garden of Ratfyn Barrow House, Amesbury. The mound is 19m in diameter and 3m high. It is slightly elongated, having spread towards the south west corner of the garden. Traces of a shallow ditch 3m wide are visible to the east and north east of the mound and, in being separated from it by a sloping berm 3m wide, suggest that the monument may best be interpreted as a bell barrow. The reduction of ground levels to the south and west will have destroyed the area of the berm and surrounding ditch and these areas are consequently not included within the scheduling. All fence posts, garden ornaments and electricity supply poles are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28931

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing