Four round barrows one 400m and three 540m east of Grouse Hall

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016023

Date first listed: 25-Oct-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Oct-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four round barrows one 400m and three 540m east of Grouse Hall
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Hutton-le-Hole

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 69560 90645, SE 69705 90650

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Grouse Hall round barrows are good examples of their type and are well preserved, especially the outlying barrow to the west. They will retain important archaeological information. Their importance is heightened by the survival of a further pair of slightly larger round barrows to the north east.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which is divided into two areas of protection, includes the remains of four round barrows surviving as upstanding earthworks within open moorland between Grouse Hall and Barmoor. The eastern area includes three regularly spaced barrows lying in a roughly east-west line. The fourth barrow lies in a second area about 150m to the west. All four barrows lie on a slight ridge between two west draining water courses. A pair of barrows, which are the subject of a separate scheduling (SM 30104), lie about 450m to the north east. A large group of rectangular earthen mounds extends from 150m to the south and are of a much later date, being the remains of pillow mounds (artificial rabbit warrens). These are also the subject of a separate scheduling (SM 30106). The group of three round barrows forming the first area of protection have been identified as the barrows partly excavated by a group of miners around 1900. A number of Bronze Age cremation urns are reported to have been found, one of which was given to York Museum. All three barrows survive as roughly 11m diameter mounds standing up to 0.4m high, each with a central depression considered to be the result of the miners' investigations. There is also evidence, in the form of slight depressions, that each also had a roughly 2m wide encircling ditch, now largely infilled. The fourth barrow to the west survives as a mound about 11m in diameter standing up to 0.3m high. It does not have a central depression and shows no signs of any other disturbance beyond natural weathering. The barrow retains evidence of an encircling ditch about 2m wide shown as a slight depression and level area around the mound. Excavation of round barrows in the region has shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located in the body of the mound. Most of the barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Shallow ditches and/or stone kerbs immediately encircling the mounds are also quite common.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30105

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing