Ruined cottages and well 190m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016027

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Ruined cottages and well 190m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13633 45053, SS 13662 45074

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The extraction of stone for various purposes has been practised in England during most periods from the Neolithic onwards. The exploitation of granite is comparatively recent, with its resistence to impact and weathering being its main virtue. Used for buildings and, in the 20th century, roads, the granite quarries of the south west are of particular note. These cottages were for workers at the quarry and these remains provide insight into the planned living conditions of a group of skilled workers and their families towards the end of the 19th century. Together with the quarry, they provide sufficient detail to enable precise reconstruction of the workings of a stone quarrying operation of this period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes a well and the foundation of a ruined block of five cottages built in 1863 for the accommodation of quarry workers on the site of the Lundy Granite Company's workings 200m to the east. The quarry was in use between 1863 and 1868. The block, which is oriented north east to south west, is cut into the side of a shallow bank to the north and the platform for the foundations measures 50m by 17m. Within the block are remains of five small cottages with the front doors opening to the south. The well is 15m to the south west of the end of this terrace. There are no traces of outside privies nor of garden enclosures for the cottages. The associated infirmary, a block of cottages to the south and the quarry are the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30354

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Langham, A, 'The Lundy Island Chronical' in The Lundy Island Chronical, (1986), 8
Other
Thackray, C, The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989)

End of official listing