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Gun battery at Brazen Ward, Lundy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Gun battery at Brazen Ward, Lundy

List entry Number: 1016030

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27640

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The battery at Brazen Ward was constructed during the 16th or early 17th century and remains largely intact, despite some localised erosion. Part excavation of the site in 1967 demonstrated the survival of buried archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a gun battery situated on the end of a short rocky promontory 15m above the shoreline on Lundy's east side. It was constructed to prevent landing in the bay to the north and the shore immediately to the south, including the area known as Threequarter Wall Bay. There are two main structures. The first, on the northern side, comprises a possible powder store and stronghold with a gun embrasure and a strong retaining wall. The second, a weaker structure to the south, has a wall around a promontory and a retaining wall with a small guardhouse built into the cliff. The cliff behind each feature is quarried back to form the platforms for the battery. The northern building survives up to 1.75m high and measures 6m by 3m internally. This has a strong outer wall on the east side which extends to the north of the building to form a parapet with a gun embrasure. It then doubles back to form a three-sided, rectangular chamber. The outer wall is 2.35m thick, and the chamber measures 4m by 4m internally. This suggests an emplacement for a single cannon with a powder store beside it. To the north a wall 1.4m thick continues for 15m before meeting the cliff side. The ground behind this has been quarried into the cliff and levelled. To the south, beyond a break where it appears to have collapsed, the wall continues, retaining a 4m wide platform. This wall stands up to 1.75m high suggesting a parapet for muskets rather than a platform for cannon. The second, weaker structure is 15m to the south of these defences. This consists of a walled and flagged area on a natural projection facing east and about 5m wide and 9m deep. To the south is a further wall, partly fallen away and following the line of the cliff edge for about 40m. Behind it to the west the cliff has been quarried back to make a platform some 4m wide. There are the remains of a small rectangular building set into the cliff at the north end. This was possibly a guard house, measuring 2m by 2m externally. The battery was partly excavated in 1967.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989), 30
Gardner, K, Lundy an Archaeological Field Guide, (1979), 22

National Grid Reference: SS 13910 46761

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016030 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 03:50:59.

End of official listing