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The southern of two coastal defence platforms above Jenny's Cove, Lundy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The southern of two coastal defence platforms above Jenny's Cove, Lundy

List entry Number: 1016033

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27643

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

Around Lundy's coast, and situated both in cliff top and shoreline positions, is a series of structures designed to defend the island. These varied in form and scale from the stronghold now known as Marisco Castle, to the smaller and more ephemeral gun platforms built to support musketeers. That these positions were principally for the purpose of preventing a landing is supported by their location above and around the more vulnerable bays and beaches, such as the Landing Bay and Jenny's Cove. Although the precise dating and function is unclear, it is likely that some will date to the time of the Civil War, while others may relate to coastal piracy which was prevalent in the Bristol Channel between the 15th and 18th centuries. This defensive platform at Jenny's Cove survives well and forms an important part of the system of cliff defences on the island. The platform overlooks the landing place in Jenny's Cove and the path up from it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a revetted platform half-way up the cliff on the northern side of Jenny's Cove on Lundy's west side. It lies some 50m south west of another platform which is the subject of separate scheduling. Both appear to have been constructed as coastal defensive batteries for musketeers. Both overlook the landing beach and path up from Jenny's Cove. The platform is square and measures 6m by 6m with the the northern side built up with drystone granite walling and smaller walls on the south and west sides. The platform is built against the cliff.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Gardner, K, The Archaeology of Lundy, (1972)

National Grid Reference: SS 13289 45806

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016033 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 12:06:33.

End of official listing