Round and associated remains 150m south of Mount Pleasant

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016064

Date first listed: 14-Jun-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round and associated remains 150m south of Mount Pleasant
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kenwyn

National Grid Reference: SW 78634 44697

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall, where many more examples may await discovery. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Consequently, sites with significant surviving remains will normally be considered to be of national importance.

The round south of Mount Pleasant has been the subject of both a geophysical and an aerial survey which show it to be well defined and possessing a diversity of features surviving as buried remains and slight earthworks. It is also closely associated with a field system to the south. A further round 150m to the north has been recorded by excavation.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round, in the form of a roughly square defended enclosure with an outwork, and part of a contemporary field system to the south. These survive as a combination of slight earthworks and buried remains recorded over the years through aerial photography and geophysical prospection. The site of the round is on high ground facing south, 150m to the south of another round which no longer survives. It occupies a position above the shallow south-facing valley side of a small tributary of the River Kenwyn. The round is defined by a double-ditch, or ditch and possible palisade, enclosing a near rectangular interior of approximately 70m in diameter with a rounded north west side; in the centre is a further small ditched feature. Parallel ditches and a bank to the west and south form part of what appears to be a defensive outwork. Another concentric line of an earthwork yet further to the south defines the upper limit of the field system which was formed of radial ditches extending from the earthwork to the valley bottom. The immediate area around the monument includes other sites broadly contemporary with Iron Age to Roman occupation including the round at Threemilestone and that at Polstain, 150m north and 400m south west respectively. Excluded from the scheduling are all fencing and fence posts, a water-pipe and cattle drinking trough in the north of the field, and a pumping sub-station in the north west corner of the field, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29615

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
AOQ 24-25, St Joseph, K J, Cambridge University Collection, (1966)
AOQ24-25, St Joseph, K J, Cambridge University Collection, (1966)
Bartlett, A, Threemilestone, Cornwall: Report on Magnetometer Survey, 1978, 13/78
Sheppard, P A, AM 107, (1983)

End of official listing