Prehistoric enclosure south west of Brands Hill and 870m east of Langlee


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016141

Date first listed: 18-Jun-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jan-1998


Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric enclosure south west of Brands Hill and 870m east of Langlee
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ilderton


National Grid Reference: NT 97346 23217


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The prehistoric enclosure south west of Brands Hill is reasonably well preserved and will retain significant archaeological deposits. Its importance is enhanced by the survival of other, broadly contemporary, homesteads and enclosures on nearby Brands Hill. It lies in an area of clustered sites whose archaeological remains survive well and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. It will contribute to any study of the wider settlement pattern in the Cheviots during this period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a prehistoric enclosure situated on the gentle slopes of moorland south west of Brands Hill and 340m east of Langlee. There are wide views to the east. It comprises an oval enclosure 35m by 41m overall and is enclosed by a bank of earth and stone 5m wide. The kerb stones of the enclosure bank can be traced around its outer edge and there is the slight indication of a possible entrance on the east side. The interior of the enclosure is scooped into the hillside to a depth of c.1m, creating a levelled platform. A later sheepfold, now ruinous, has been built on top of the enclosure bank reusing the core material of the enclosure bank. The enclosure is similar in character to another enclosure lying 550m to the north east which has been compared to a type of small defended site found in Scotland and known as a dun.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29325

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing