Round cairn 790m west of Smithy Strip

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016248

Date first listed: 16-Jan-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 790m west of Smithy Strip
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ilderton

National Grid Reference: NU 00738 21826

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round cairn 790m west of Smithy Strip survives in reasonable condition despite part excavation in the past. The extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive well. Its importance is enhanced by the survival nearby of contemporary unenclosed settlements on the lower slopes of Heddon Hill to the south.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date. It is prominently located on top of a glacial mound formerly known as Archer's Knoll with broad views all round. The cairn measures 15m by 13m and stands to a maximum height of 1m with a kerb clearly visible around the south west side. There is a slight hollow in the centre of the cairn which suggests it may have been partly excavated in the past.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29334

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing