Bowl barrow 210m north east of Rushy Platt Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016326

Date first listed: 08-Oct-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 210m north east of Rushy Platt Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

National Grid Reference: SU 13637 83723

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 210m north east of Rushy Platt Farm survives comparatively well beneath a modern landfill deposit and has been shown from part excavations to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 210m north east of Rushy Platt Farm in the south western part of Swindon. It is situated close to the west bank of the River Ray, below the steep slope forming the western side of Swindon Hill. The bowl barrow is sealed beneath a landfill deposit of modern origin approximately 0.4m thick. The principal feature, as revealed by archaeological investigation, consists of a mound 11m in diameter and 0.75m high. A small scale excavation in 1922 revealed a large flat stone slab sealing a deep pit containing worked flint.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28980

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barber, A, Land at Rushey Platt, Wiltshire - Archaeological Evaluation, (1994)
Passmore, A D, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Fieldwork in Wiltshire in 1928, , Vol. 44, (1929), 243

End of official listing