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A group of four bowl barrows on Golden Cap 515m south east and 630m south east of St Gabriel's House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A group of four bowl barrows on Golden Cap 515m south east and 630m south east of St Gabriel's House

List entry Number: 1016373

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Stanton St. Gabriel

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Oct-1959

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Dec-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29578

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows on Golden Cap, 515m and 630m south east of St Gabriel's House, are well preserved examples of their class and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which lies within two areas, includes four bowl barrows. The first area of protection includes three barrows 515m south east of St Gabriel's House. The second area of protection, containing the fourth barrow lies 630m south east of St Gabriel's House. A fifth barrow at the south west end of the first area has been partly excavated and is subject to continuing coastal erosion. It is not included in the scheduling. The barrows were originally recorded as being between 11m and 13m in diameter and between 1m and 1.2m high. However, due to a covering of wind blown sand, the partly excavated barrow was found to be larger in diameter than it appeared on the surface. It is possible that the other barrows in the group are similarly buried and consequently larger in diameter. The four barrows are each surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material was excavated during their construction. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features approximately 2m wide. All fence posts, the stone footpath sign and the triangulation point are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the Dorset Nat Hist and Archaeolgy Society' in Excavation of a Round Barrow, Golden Cap, , Vol. 114, (1992), 240
'Proceedings of the Dorset Nat Hist and Archaeolgy Society' in Excavation of a Round Barrow, Golden Cap, , Vol. 114, (1992), 240
'Proceedings of the Dorset Nat Hist and Archaeolgy Society' in Excavation of a Round Barrow, Golden Cap, , Vol. 114, (1992), 240

National Grid Reference: SY 40557 92104, SY 40722 92201

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016373 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 03:42:21.

End of official listing