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Moated site at Sodington Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Sodington Hall

List entry Number: 1016478

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Mamble

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31951

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Sodington Hall survives as a largely undisturbed and well preserved example of a medieval moat. The island will preserve evidence of former structures, including both domestic and ancillary buildings and their associated occupation levels. These remains will illustrate the nature of use of the site and the lifestyle of its inhabitants in addition to providing evidence which will facilitate the dating of the construction and subsequent periods of use of the moat. The moat ditch will be expected to preserve earlier deposits including evidence of its construction and any alterations during its active history. In addition, the waterlogged condition of sections of the moat will preserve environmental information about the ecosystem and landscape in which the moat was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the moated site at Sodington Hall. The site is located 700m to the south west of St John's Church, Mamble and is situated in a commanding position with the ground falling sharply to the north and west. Sodington was held along with Doverdale near Droitwich by William de Sodington by 1303, and around 1316 passed solely to the Blounts who were the heirs of William. Doverdale passed at the same time to the de Doverdales, also heirs of William. The moat measures approximately 110m north to south by 80m west to east overall, with a 1m-2m high by 2m wide external bank to the north. The northern arm is approximately 30m wide and has been excavated from the hillside. This arm contains a series of drainage ditches in its bottom. The eastern arm survives at its northern end for approximately 30m and is approximately 15m wide, the remains of the arm having been infilled to the south. The southern arm has also been infilled, however a survey in 1971 records both infilled areas as being 10m wide. The western arm is also excavated into the hillside and is approximately 8m wide by 2m deep. The island measures approximately 70m by 55m and is level with the surrounding land to the east and south. There are no visible remains of the earthworks to the south recorded in 1971, although a fishpond survives approximately 100m to the south west of the moat. The pond and area to the south of the moat have been modified and are therefore not included in the scheduling. The island rises steeply from the surrounding moat on the west and north, being approximately 4m higher than the prevailing ground level. Access to the island is gained via a bridge situated midway along the eastern arm with a second bridge located approximately 10m east of the south western corner of the moat. These bridges are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included. A further bridge, which is Listed Grade II and considered to be the original access, is located on the western arm adjacent to its junction with the northern arm and is included in the scheduling. The island is occupied by a tennis court adjacent to the northern arm and by Sodington Hall, a Listed Building Grade II. The site has been subject to change since the survey in 1971 including the infilling of the south and east arms, however, it is believed that earthmoving operations were limited to the south of the moat.

Sodington Hall, the tennis court and all modern fences, surfaces and bridges are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bond, CJ, Sodington Hall, Mamble, Worcs., (1972)
Other
Bond, C.J., Provisional List of Moats in Worcestershire, (1972)
Bond, C.J., Record Cards, (1972)

National Grid Reference: SO 69306 71034

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016478 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:03:25.

End of official listing